Ras AL-Khaimah / Heritage places
Castel and Forts in Ras Al Khaimah
Ras Al Khaimah is known by a numerous fortifications and different shapes that emphasize its originality and cultural continuity in history. At the same time emphasizes the exposure of Ras Al Khaimah to many invasions throughout its long history. There is in the emirate (18) square divided into different regions (fort square in Ras Al Khaimah, tubercle square, Qusaidat square , bin Saeed Al Shamsi Balgosaidat square, Saeed Abdullah bin Bilal Balhdibh square, Al Bakiche Bashml square, Skhyeer Blmouniei square, El Hedya Mouniei square, Said bin Ali Al Shamsi Bahoilat square, Ravaq Bravaq square, Masafi square, Azan square, Al Fhalin square, bin Delm Bnhayl square,Al Filah square, Sha’am square, East Rams square. while the towers were amounted to about sixty towers as described with us previously, such as Khuzam Tower. El Helw RAK tower. Bohak Tower, Mareed tower, Al mataaf tower in Ras Al Khaimah. Najdi tower, Shaml Tower, Daya tower, western Rams tower, Khet tower, Bakht City tower, Naqbi Bakht tower , Ibn Anbar Bakht Tower, Nasla in hoalyat Tower, Mrabouk Mouniei tower, Qusaidat Tower and others.
The forts in Ras Al Khaimah, there are six forts spread over areas of the emirate, Ras Al Khaimah fort, Oraibi fort, Al mazroa’a fort in the red island. Azn Fort, Nasla fort in hoilat, and Daih castle built on a hill overlooking the mountain town at the Rams.
There are some forts and castles that ceased and the most famous castle is historical Seer where in Cinema Gulf Street in Amman. This is the Forts of the most important elements of the tourist attractions and the most important elements of tourism and historical attraction, Since the Castle Daih and the monuments of Shaml and Kosh theses are from the most important monuments in Ras Al Khaimah, and it tells the story of the beginning of the relationship between Islam and the region as well as the regions of the red island and Al Filah, We are talking about it in details as below:
It’s a Historical military fort which is very important in the history of Ras Al Khaimah it’s located north of the city of Rams, constructed in the sixteenth century on a hill high mountain facing the Gulf. This castle has witnessed a fierce battle in December 1819 AD which took place between residents of Ras Al Khaimah and British forces, it had the effect of destroying this historical castle. first , they were blasting it then blow up the towers after the seizure of it, the year (2001) has been completed partially restored and equipped to welcome the visitors.
Themonuments of Shaml and Al Kosh which tell the details of the beginnings of Islam entry
Under the supervision of the Department of Antiquities, Museums and Tourism of RAK. The works of the fifth and the last season have been completed for the recent archaeological excavations British site of Al Kosh Archaeological Muslim Shaml area in Ras Al Khaimah, and these fossils, which had begun in 1995 had a role at the beginning of the era of Islam in Ras Al Khaimah, the site of Kosh is an archaeological site only in the UAE that contains monuments of the beginnings of Islam to in this region.
The discoveries showed that this village was founded in the sixth century AD, before about 1,500 years and is likely to have been founded by colonists from the Sasanian Empire, which was one of the great powers in the world at that time, where it competed Empire Romania, and the look of buildings were a large size with the use of these types of buildings over 200 years and the exciting developments in the region that era dating back to the beginning of Islam in the seventh century, and began the dramatic events that transformed the history of the area with the message sent by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) with a companion Amr ibn al-Aas to the local Senate of Arabs who converted to Islam and swore to expel the Alsasanin colonizers which they had built a big castle in the center of the site and was sheltering inside. The walls of this castle built of mud brick walls which are considered the largest seen in the UAE with a width of two meters and half where still holding up so far. And a height of about two meters, despite it has been built for 1,500 years to but it’s sure that this castle built by the Islamic armies and the Muslims were able to expel from the colonizers of the region and then abandoned castle has never been used along the 100 years where there were not needed. But re-used again during the Abbasi era when this region has become an important trade locations.
The excavations revealed in Kosh a details were not available from the Arabian Peninsula is expected to be of great importance to historians and scholars. It is interesting facts that have been discovered for the Alsasanin colonists at these sites were important to eat pork, which Islam forbids eating it afterwards.
Al Filiah houses have been built in the eighteenth century for the purpose of summer residence for the family of Al Qauasimi, these houses have been briefing by dwellings palm as well as for holidaymakers coming from the city of Ras Al Khaimah. Historically this region is very important due to the signing of the peace agreement between Al Qauasimi and British troops in the year 1819, and in the summer of 1820 and occurred in Filah treaty between the chieftains of the Arabian Gulf Coast and the British government.
The Red Island
It Is the oldest area known in Ras Al Khaimah where the ruins of an awful structures found and a variety of exterior surfaces, which gave hints initial humanitarian activities in this region, in addition to that pottery, beads, nets and tools from flint had found which represents the existence of the former residents of the desert who were living on the coast during the summer months.
Everywhere from the fertile island at Ras Al Khaimah, visitor will find signs of past where the fighting was common among the people where watchtowers deployed in the emirate, which was renovated mostly of them, the rest is still intact and these towers are the effects remaining indicate on the strong defense that protected the land , palm groves , Ras Al Khaimah villages, the hills and sand dunes, and sometimes in the middle of an palm oasis and villages of Ras Al Khaimah the watch towers have been the constructed in the hands of soldiers for protecting them from any problem they might face.
(1) Book of Ras Al Khaimah, capital of the future by, Najib Abdullah Al Shamsi, the institute of search and follow-up in 2000
Museum of Ras Al Khaimah (old fort)
Museum of Ras Al Khaimah is a memorial in Ras Al Khaimah, as when a visitor enters the emirate of the rich nature, he stands in front of the museum, which stands in the heart of the emirate's strong and proud and where full of history tells.
The museum which was a fortress in the old time dates its building to the mid-eighteenth century in the era of the Persian occupation between1736-1749 AD, where the majority of the buildings which were built during the previous hundred years.
It has been used in the earlier fort housing for the accommodation of the royal family until 1964, and then it became the headquarters of the General Directorate of Police in Ras Al Khaimah, and later used a central prison until the year 1984.
At the beginning of the seventies, HH Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi the ruler of the emirate commissioned the pioneer Ashe to organize a management to establish a national museum for the future and the activity has begun commissioned by Miss de Cardy configures the band for doing exploration and survey on archaeological areas.
In 1984 the ruler decided God bless him, to take the old fort as a headquarters of the Museum of Ras Al Khaimah and he ordered to make are-restoration of the fort and return it to its original state by using its original local materials which was based ones and the engineering designs have been under the supervision of Mr. / G Lakshman and prepared some of the rooms to display the available monuments.
Fort consists of two floors and has a rectangular shape (Barjeel) on the north side in the middle of it there is a courtyard and it has garden (for Barjeel) slots for each parties to renew the air of the rooms built underneath it.
At the main entrance of the museum a room of the Board and close to it a private canteen for the museum, and a stones have paved on the valley Hujail in the courtyard of the fort to cover the floor of sand so as not to affect the dust on the exhibits of the museum and the overall view of the courtyard o has become the most beautiful one, as was discovered later that some of its stones contain a layer of fossils.